Various Artificial Breath Techniques You Need to KnowGiving artificial breath can be done manually or using breathing aids. However, the use of equipment must be carried out by medical personnel. Here are some artificial breathing techniques that you need to know about, namely:
Mouth to mouth
Mouth to mouth or mouth breathing is a common artificial breathing technique, but it is not recommended. Mouth to mouth technique can be done by ordinary people. If the mouth of the person to be helped is injured, the administration of artificial respiration can be done from the mouth of the helper to the nose of the person to be helped. The following sequence of steps provides artificial breath from mouth to mouth or nose:
- Move the victim to a safe place. For example if the victim is found in the middle of the road, immediately move to the edge of the road.
- Check the awareness of the victim or person to be helped by calling or tapping her chest or shoulder.
- If the victim is unconscious or unresponsive, does not breathe, and does not hear a heartbeat or palpable pulse, immediately ask for help from others to call an ambulance. While waiting, you need to help by pressing the victim's chest (compression) and opening the airway. Compression is given 30 times followed by 2 times artificial breathing.
- To open the airway, raise the victim's head then place one of the palms on his forehead. Then, lift the person's chin up gently until his head looks up, to open his respiratory tract.
- Pinch the victim's nostrils, take a deep breath and place your mouth over the victim's mouth. Or if there is a wound on the victim's mouth, close his mouth, place your mouth over the victim's nose. Exhale, then watch if the victim's chest rises. If the chest does not rise, repeat by opening the airway and give a second breath.
Ambu bag / bag valve mask
The use of ambu bag is done by medical personnel. The use of ambu bag allows the victim to get oxygen supply when experiencing breathing stops. Ambu bag is an air pump that is operated by pressing an air-filled bag.
In order for this tool to work optimally, the ambu bag mask must be placed precisely on the patient's mouth and nose, so that there are no gaps that make air escape. In addition, the patient's lying position must also be correct so that the airway is completely open.
Nasal canulla or nasal cannula is an oxygen tube placed under the nose. This hose has two branches that are inserted into two nostrils to drain oxygen. In contrast to the mouth-to-mouth technique and the use of ambu bag used in CPR where the patient does not breathe spontaneously, nasa canulla is used in patients who can still breathe on their own.
This tool is used in patients with pneumonia, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep apnea, or lung disorders in newborns. The use of nasal canulla makes it easy for patients to breathe, without causing interference when swallowing or talking.
Intubation itself is a technique performed by medical personnel or doctors to maintain the airway and provide oxygen, by inserting a special tube (endotracheal tube / ETT) in the windpipe through the mouth. Intubation is done as an emergency procedure for patients who are unconscious and cannot breathe spontaneously. Intubation keeps the airway open and prevents the patient from dying due to breathing difficulties.
After being intubated, the patient will be helped to breathe manually using an ambu bag or with the help of a breathing machine (ventilator) connected to ETT. Ventilators are supported by computers and operated by medical personnel. Once installed on the ventilator, the doctor will adjust the amount of breathing, air pressure, and dose of oxygen entering and leaving the patient's airway. Intubation is mostly done in Emergency Services (ICU) and ICU (Intensive Care Unit).