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Learn the following Artificial Breath Techniques

Artificial breath is a method of administering oxygen to someone who has difficulty breathing or stopping breathing. Artificial breathing can be given in emergencies or in patients who are under ordinary care. Providing artificial breath can be done manually or using breathing aids. Artificial breath is part of pulmonary heart resuscitation (CPR), which in English is called cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), which is a first aid technique for someone whose breathing or heartbeat stops. Breathing (breathing failure) or cardiac arrest can be caused by many things, such as a heart attack or drowning. This artificial breath also usually needs to be done as a help in fainting people who are not breathing. When someone's breathing stops, oxygen supply to the blood also stops. Lack of oxygen can cause brain damage. People who experience it can die within 10 minutes, so first aid should be done immediately to save lives. The stages of pulmonary resuscitation are compression, airways, and breathing, abbreviated as C-A-B. Compression or compression is the stage of pressing the chest to help pump the heart, followed by Airway which is to open the respiratory pathway, and Breathing which means to give artificial breath.

Various Artificial Breath Techniques You Need to Know

Giving artificial breath can be done manually or using breathing aids. However, the use of equipment must be carried out by medical personnel. Here are some artificial breathing techniques that you need to know about, namely:
  • Mouth to mouth

  • Mouth to mouth or mouth breathing is a common artificial breathing technique, but it is not recommended. Mouth to mouth technique can be done by ordinary people. If the mouth of the person to be helped is injured, the administration of artificial respiration can be done from the mouth of the helper to the nose of the person to be helped. The following sequence of steps provides artificial breath from mouth to mouth or nose:
  • Move the victim to a safe place. For example if the victim is found in the middle of the road, immediately move to the edge of the road.
  • Check the awareness of the victim or person to be helped by calling or tapping her chest or shoulder.
  • If the victim is unconscious or unresponsive, does not breathe, and does not hear a heartbeat or palpable pulse, immediately ask for help from others to call an ambulance. While waiting, you need to help by pressing the victim's chest (compression) and opening the airway. Compression is given 30 times followed by 2 times artificial breathing.
  • To open the airway, raise the victim's head then place one of the palms on his forehead. Then, lift the person's chin up gently until his head looks up, to open his respiratory tract.
  • Pinch the victim's nostrils, take a deep breath and place your mouth over the victim's mouth. Or if there is a wound on the victim's mouth, close his mouth, place your mouth over the victim's nose. Exhale, then watch if the victim's chest rises. If the chest does not rise, repeat by opening the airway and give a second breath.
Pressing the chest 30 times is followed by giving two artificial breaths, counted as one CPR cycle. Do this help until medical help comes. Before giving mouth-to-mouth breath, you must understand that this method can expose you to salivary diseases. For example, if the victim turns out to have hepatitis A or herpes. To avoid this, a mouth to mouth resuscitation device was created. This tool, which is generally made of silicone or PVC, functions to mediate to prevent direct mouth contact with the victim's body fluids.
  • Ambu bag / bag valve mask

  • The use of ambu bag is done by medical personnel. The use of ambu bag allows the victim to get oxygen supply when experiencing breathing stops. Ambu bag is an air pump that is operated by pressing an air-filled bag. In order for this tool to work optimally, the ambu bag mask must be placed precisely on the patient's mouth and nose, so that there are no gaps that make air escape. In addition, the patient's lying position must also be correct so that the airway is completely open.
  • Nasal canulla

  • Nasal canulla or nasal cannula is an oxygen tube placed under the nose. This hose has two branches that are inserted into two nostrils to drain oxygen. In contrast to the mouth-to-mouth technique and the use of ambu bag used in CPR where the patient does not breathe spontaneously, nasa canulla is used in patients who can still breathe on their own. This tool is used in patients with pneumonia, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep apnea, or lung disorders in newborns. The use of nasal canulla makes it easy for patients to breathe, without causing interference when swallowing or talking.
  • Intubation

  • Intubation itself is a technique performed by medical personnel or doctors to maintain the airway and provide oxygen, by inserting a special tube (endotracheal tube / ETT) in the windpipe through the mouth. Intubation is done as an emergency procedure for patients who are unconscious and cannot breathe spontaneously. Intubation keeps the airway open and prevents the patient from dying due to breathing difficulties. After being intubated, the patient will be helped to breathe manually using an ambu bag or with the help of a breathing machine (ventilator) connected to ETT. Ventilators are supported by computers and operated by medical personnel. Once installed on the ventilator, the doctor will adjust the amount of breathing, air pressure, and dose of oxygen entering and leaving the patient's airway. Intubation is mostly done in Emergency Services (ICU) and ICU (Intensive Care Unit).
Although the artificial breathing technique above involves a lot of breathing aids and is done by medical personnel, it does not mean you as a layman do not need to know it. You can study mouth-to-mouth breathing as part of pulmonary heart resuscitation (CPR). This skill is very useful, because maybe you will be faced with a situation where RJP is needed to help someone's life. While doing artificial breathing, don't forget to keep in contact with the ambulance at number 118 and the police at number 112 to ask for help. Perform CPR until the person being helped shows a response in the form of a pulse and can breathe alone, or until medical help arrives.